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Tuesday, June 14, 2011


The Indian Analyst


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 
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Contents

Introduction

Preface

Contents

List of Plates

Abbreviations

Additions And Corrections

Images

Miscellaneous

Inscriptions And Translations

Kalachuri Chedi Era

Abhiras

Traikutakas

Early Kalachuris of Mahishmati

Early Gurjaras

Kalachuri of Tripuri

Kalachuri of Sarayupara

Kalachuri of South Kosala

Sendrakas of Gujarat

Early Chalukyas of Gujarat

Dynasty of Harischandra

Administration

Religion

Society

Economic Condition

Literature

Coins

Genealogical Tables

Texts And Translations

Incriptions of The Abhiras

Inscriptions of The Maharajas of Valkha

Incriptions of The Mahishmati

Inscriptions of The Traikutakas

Incriptions of The Sangamasimha

Incriptions of The Early Kalcahuris

Incriptions of The Early Gurjaras

Incriptions of The Sendrakas

Incriptions of The Early Chalukyas of Gujarat

Incriptions of The Dynasty of The Harischandra

Incriptions of The Kalachuris of Tripuri

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume I

Volume II

Volume III

Vol. IV - VIII

Volume IX

Volume X

Volume XI

Volume XII

Volume XIII

Volume XIV

Volume XV

Volume XVI

Volume XVII

Volume XVIII

Volume XIX

Volume XX

Volume XXII_Part I

Volume XXII_Part II

Tanjavur

Tiruvarur

Volume XXIII

Volume XXIV

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

Sudharsanam

Pudukkottai

ADMINISTRATION

have proceeded to Delhi to pay homage to the great Akbar.1 He was absent for about eight years and returned to Ratanpur, being invested by the Emperor with the full rights of Raja and confirmed in the possession of his territory. The Muslim Chronicles, however, do not mention this event.

The Raipur branch has left two inscriptions2 dated 1402 and 1415 A.C., both of which belong to the reign of Brahmadeva. The only historical event recorded in them is the defeat which Ramadeva (or Ramachandra), the father of Brahmadeva, inflicted on Bhoninga- deva, who belonged to the Phanivamsa or Naga dynasty.3 Two Naga families were ruling in Chhattisgarh during this period, one in the former Kawardha State and the other in the former Bastar State. The last dated record of the Bastar family is of Harischandra, who was ruling in 1324 A.C.4 The Kawardha family also continued to rule till the fourteenth century, as its last dated inscription is of 1349 A.C.5 In the absence of subsequent records, it is difficult to say to which family Bhoningadeva defeated by Ramachandra, belonged. Perhaps he was ruling over the former Bastar State; for, the Nagavamsi chiefs of the Kawardha state are known to have been feudatories of the Kalachuris, whose era they used in earlier times. Some of them were also matrimonially connected with the latter.6

The conditions of Chhattisgarh at the time of its annexation by the Marathas are very well described in the following extract.7-“The Haihayas merely stood at the head of a number of petty Rajas and official chiefs, each of whom was, to a large extent, independent, and among whom the whole country was divided. It was an essentially weak system, adapted only to an earlier stage of social development, and it would have fallen long ago, had any well organized foreign invasion ever been repeated. When the Marathas came, they marched through the whole country without any opposition, and demanded and obtained the allegiance of all the surrounding states.”Thus ended the rule of the Kalachuris in Chhattisgarh after lasting for more than seven centuries from circa 100 A.C. to 1740A.C.

ADMINISTRATION

The records edited here belong to two main periods-the earlier one extending from about 250 A.C. to about 750 A.C., and the later from about 850 A.C. to about 1500 A.C. The earlier inscriptions mainly come from Western India comprising Gujarat, Konkan and Northern Maharasthra, and the later ones from Northern India and the Chhattisgargh Divison of Madhya Pradesh. The administrative system, religion, and social and economic life in these two periods naturally show wide differences.

In the earlier period, the largest administrative unit was the desa corresponding to the province of modern times. The Kingdom of the Traikutaka Vyagharasena, for instance comprised several desas provinces only one of which viz., Aparanta (North Konkan),
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1According to Cunningham, he went to Delhi in consequence of a dispute with the Raja of Mandla and returned in Samvat 1628 or 1571 A.C.
2Nos. 107 and 108 A copper-plate inscription of Amarasimhadeva who is said to have belonged to the Kalachuri family, was discovered at Arang. But it gives no pedigree, contains no date and has no historical importance
3 No. 108,1.6.
4Ep., Ind., VoI. X, pp. 39 ff
5I.C.P.B., (second ed.) p. 176
6The Mandava Mahal inscription from the former Kawardha State states that Ramachandra of the Phanivamsa married Ambikadevi of the Haihaya lineage ibid. p.174
7Bilaspur District Gazetteer, p. 48.

 

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