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Tuesday, June 14, 2011


The Indian Analyst


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 
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Contents

Introduction

Preface

Contents

List of Plates

Abbreviations

Additions And Corrections

Images

Miscellaneous

Inscriptions And Translations

Kalachuri Chedi Era

Abhiras

Traikutakas

Early Kalachuris of Mahishmati

Early Gurjaras

Kalachuri of Tripuri

Kalachuri of Sarayupara

Kalachuri of South Kosala

Sendrakas of Gujarat

Early Chalukyas of Gujarat

Dynasty of Harischandra

Administration

Religion

Society

Economic Condition

Literature

Coins

Genealogical Tables

Texts And Translations

Incriptions of The Abhiras

Inscriptions of The Maharajas of Valkha

Incriptions of The Mahishmati

Inscriptions of The Traikutakas

Incriptions of The Sangamasimha

Incriptions of The Early Kalcahuris

Incriptions of The Early Gurjaras

Incriptions of The Sendrakas

Incriptions of The Early Chalukyas of Gujarat

Incriptions of The Dynasty of The Harischandra

Incriptions of The Kalachuris of Tripuri

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume I

Volume II

Volume III

Vol. IV - VIII

Volume IX

Volume X

Volume XI

Volume XII

Volume XIII

Volume XIV

Volume XV

Volume XVI

Volume XVII

Volume XVIII

Volume XIX

Volume XX

Volume XXII_Part I

Volume XXII_Part II

Tanjavur

Tiruvarur

Volume XXIII

Volume XXIV

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

Sudharsanam

Pudukkottai

COINS

The Kalachuris of Dakshina Kōsala also patronised Sanskrit and Prakrit poets.1 One of them, Nārāyana who composed the Purāripāli stone inscription of Gōpāladēva, tells us that he composed a Kávya named Rámábhyudaya, which greatly delighted the Goddess of speech. Several Sanskrit works of this name, Kávyas as wells as nátakas, are known, and some of them have come down to us; but this work of Nārāyana seems to be different from all of them.2

Some of the authors of the praśastis included here were poets of no mean order. Dhāmsata, the author of the Chandrëhë inscription ,3 śrinivāsa who composed the eulogy of the first three kings in the Bilhāri inscription,4 the unknown author of the fragmentary Rewa inscription of Karna,5 Dēvapāni, the author of the Akaltarā inscription6 and Kāśala who composed the Kōni inscription,7 to name only a few, had a considerable poetic talent. They have composed their respective praśastis in an ornate kāvya style, embellishing them with numerous arthālankāras. As the power and patronage of the kalachuri courts declined, They ceased to attract poets of eminence. Many of the later inscription in this Volume are consequently written in a barbarous style.

COINS

The Nasik cave inscription of the Ãbhiras king Isvarasena records the investments of certain amounts of Karshapanas with the guilds of Govardhana, but no coins of that kings or his descendants have come down to us. Perhaps the Ãbhiras, like some other dynasties8 of ancient times, did not value highly the prerogative of minting coins for currency in their own dominion and were content to us e the issues of other contemporary or past kings. This is also indicated by the find of a hoard of Kshatrapa silver coins at Karhad in the Satara District of the Bombay State. The hoard contained several coins, But those of the Follow- ing Kshatrapas only could be recovered-Vijayasena (240-250 A.C.), Damajada- sri(250- 255 A.C), Rudrasena II (255-277 A.C.), Visvasimha(277-279 A.C), Bhartridaman (279-295 A.C.) and Visvasena (295-305 A.C). It will be noticed that the last five of these Kshatrapas were contemporaries of the Âbhiras. The Karhad hoard,therefore, plainly indicates that the Kshatrapa silver coins were current in Maharashtra and probably also in Gujarat and Konkan, during the rule of the Ãbhiras. The silver coins of Yajña Satakarni, which were of similar fabric and weight,9 may also have continued in circulation. The potin coins struck by the Satavahanas perhaps supplemented this silver coinage, though no finds of them have yet been reported from these parts of the country.10 That these silver coins were called Karshapanas appears clear from the Nasik cave
____________

1 An inscription composed wholly in Prakrit was put up in the temple of Ekavirā at Ratnapura. It is much abraded and has not yet bnemm deciphered.
2Below, pp.589 ff.
3 No. 44,II, 24-25.
4 No. 45,I, 30.
5No. 51, I.30.
6No.84,II. 18-19.
7 No. 90,II. 26-27.
8The early Chālukyas and their feudatories such as the Harischandriyas seem to have used the rűpakas of the Kalachuris Krishnarāja who had flourished more than a century before.See No.31,II.31 ff, and No.32,II.34ff.
9 C.A.D., P.45, Pl.VII.
10 They were current in Berar and the Marathi-speaking districts of Madhya Pradesh. J.N.S.I., Vol. II, pp.83 ff.

 

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