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Tuesday, June 14, 2011


The Indian Analyst


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 
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Contents

Introduction

Preface

Contents

List of Plates

Abbreviations

Additions And Corrections

Images

Miscellaneous

Inscriptions And Translations

Kalachuri Chedi Era

Abhiras

Traikutakas

Early Kalachuris of Mahishmati

Early Gurjaras

Kalachuri of Tripuri

Kalachuri of Sarayupara

Kalachuri of South Kosala

Sendrakas of Gujarat

Early Chalukyas of Gujarat

Dynasty of Harischandra

Administration

Religion

Society

Economic Condition

Literature

Coins

Genealogical Tables

Texts And Translations

Incriptions of The Abhiras

Inscriptions of The Maharajas of Valkha

Incriptions of The Mahishmati

Inscriptions of The Traikutakas

Incriptions of The Sangamasimha

Incriptions of The Early Kalcahuris

Incriptions of The Early Gurjaras

Incriptions of The Sendrakas

Incriptions of The Early Chalukyas of Gujarat

Incriptions of The Dynasty of The Harischandra

Incriptions of The Kalachuris of Tripuri

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume I

Volume II

Volume III

Vol. IV - VIII

Volume IX

Volume X

Volume XI

Volume XII

Volume XIII

Volume XIV

Volume XV

Volume XVI

Volume XVII

Volume XVIII

Volume XIX

Volume XX

Volume XXII_Part I

Volume XXII_Part II

Tanjavur

Tiruvarur

Volume XXIII

Volume XXIV

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

Sudharsanam

Pudukkottai

EARLY KALACHURIS OF MAHISHMATI

themselves came in course of time to be known as the Mauryas.1 But if the Traikūtakas were descended from the imperial family of Magadha, it looks strange that they make no mention of their proud lineage in their records. It would appear, therefore, that when the Kalachuris conquered Konkan, they supplanted the Traikūtakas by the Mauryas, who continued as their feudatories until both the royal families were ousted by Pulakēśin II. The downfall of the Traikūtakas may thus be dated in the first quarter of the sixth century A.C.

The Traikūţakas kingdom at its largest extent seems to have extended from the Kīm in the north to the Krishnā in the south, and to have comprised South Gujarat, North Konkan, and the Nasik, Poona and Satara Districts of Maharashtra. It is interesting to note that the Traikūtakas maintained a fleet for the protection of their maritime provinces. During their regime Trikūta seems to have become famous as an emporium of salt. Their capital has not yet been definitely located. As observed already, Aniruddhapura seems to have been the capital at least during the reign of Vyāghrasēna. Dr. Hultzsch, on the authority of a statement of the lexicographer Yādava, identifies Anirudhapura with Śūrpāraka, modern Sōpārā, in the Thana District. But Yādava merely states that the Aparānta country included Śūrpāraka.2 Aniruddhapura, mentioned as the place of issue in the Surat plates, is probably identical with the victorious Aniruddhapurī, a Brāhmana resident of which received a grant of land in the Surat District from the Sēndraka prince Allaśakti. It would, therefore, appear that Aniruddhapura was situated somewhere in the Surat District, but its exact location cannot be fixed.

The Traikūtakas were followers of Hinduism and devotees of the god Vishnu. Both their copper-plate grants were made to Brāhmanas for the increase of religious merit of their parents and themselves. That Buddhism also flourished in their kingdom is shown by the Kanhēri plate which records the erection of a chaitya dedicated to Śāradvatīputra. The pilgrim who got it built came from the distant province of Sindh. This testifies to the peace and order which generally prevailed in the kingdom of the Traikūtakas.

THE EARLY KALACHURIS OF MAHISHMATI

We have no definite information about the capital of the Katachchuris or Early Kalachuris. All their known copper-plate grants were issued from their camps fixed at different places such as Ujjayini and Vidiśā in Malwa and Ānandapura in Gujarat. It appears probable, however, that they ruled from Māhishmatī, modern Onkār Māndhātā,3 which from very early times has been famous as a holy city. Even in later times when it had ceased to be their capital, the memory of its past glory was fresh in the mind of the people; for Rājaśekhara in his Bālarāmāyana4 and Murāri in his Anargharāghava5 mention it as the common or family capital of the Kalachuri kings. Besides, some later princes of the Haihaya dynasty, who ruled in the south as feudatories of the Chālukyas, mention with pride their title Māhishmatī-puravar-ēśvara ‘the lord of Māhishmatī, the best of the towns.’6
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1C.A.D., p. clx. n. I.
2 See below, p. 27.
3 For the identification, see Fleet’s article ‘Mahishamandala and Māhishmatī’ in J.R.A.S. (1910), pp. 425 ff. Like Kālidāsa, Rājaśēkhara also describes Māhishmatī as surrounded by the Narmadā. Some identify the city with Maheshvar in the former Indore State.
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6See e.g. the Kembhāvi inscription (dated 1054 A.C.) of Mahāmanadalēśvara Rēvarasa. Bomb. Gaz., Vol. I, part ii, p. 439.

 

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