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Tuesday, June 14, 2011


The Indian Analyst


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 
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Contents

Introduction

Preface

Contents

List of Plates

Abbreviations

Additions And Corrections

Images

Miscellaneous

Inscriptions And Translations

Kalachuri Chedi Era

Abhiras

Traikutakas

Early Kalachuris of Mahishmati

Early Gurjaras

Kalachuri of Tripuri

Kalachuri of Sarayupara

Kalachuri of South Kosala

Sendrakas of Gujarat

Early Chalukyas of Gujarat

Dynasty of Harischandra

Administration

Religion

Society

Economic Condition

Literature

Coins

Genealogical Tables

Texts And Translations

Incriptions of The Abhiras

Inscriptions of The Maharajas of Valkha

Incriptions of The Mahishmati

Inscriptions of The Traikutakas

Incriptions of The Sangamasimha

Incriptions of The Early Kalcahuris

Incriptions of The Early Gurjaras

Incriptions of The Sendrakas

Incriptions of The Early Chalukyas of Gujarat

Incriptions of The Dynasty of The Harischandra

Incriptions of The Kalachuris of Tripuri

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume I

Volume II

Volume III

Vol. IV - VIII

Volume IX

Volume X

Volume XI

Volume XII

Volume XIII

Volume XIV

Volume XV

Volume XVI

Volume XVII

Volume XVIII

Volume XIX

Volume XX

Volume XXII_Part I

Volume XXII_Part II

Tanjavur

Tiruvarur

Volume XXIII

Volume XXIV

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

Sudharsanam

Pudukkottai

INCRIPTIONS OF THE SENDRAKAS

 

No. 25; PLATE XVIII
KASARE PLATES OF ALLASAKTI : (KALACHURI) YEAR 404

THESE plates were discovered in 1937 at Kāsārē, a village thirty-four miles almost due west of Dhulia in West Khandesh, Bombay State. They are now deposited in the Bhārata Itihāsa Samśōdhaka Maņdala, Poona. I edit the inscription here from excellent photographs kindly supplied by the Secretary of the Maņdala.1

They are two copper-plates measuring 7.7" in length and 5.5" in breadth. At the top of each there is a roundish hole about .4" in diameter for two rings which hold them together. One of them carries a conical seal with a circular face measuring 1.5" in diameter, which has the legend Śrī-Allaśakti. The weight of the plates together with the rings and the seal is 108 tolas. The record consists of thirty-three lines, of which fourteen and fifteen are incised on the inner sides of the first and the second plate respectively, and the remaining four on the outer side of the first plate turned upside down. The writing is in a state of good preservation almost throughout. The size of the letters varies from .1" to .2".

The characters are of the western variety of the southern alphabets, and resemble those used in the grants of the Early Gurjaras. The technical execution is very bad. The letters are of uneven size and are carelessly formed; those on the outer side of the first plate are more than double the average size of the rest. Besides, the aksharas originally engraved in ll.20 and 21 were subsequently beaten in, and others much larger in size incised over them. The earlier aksharas have, however, been left over through inadver- tence between ll.19 and 20. Some more can be read with patience and perseverance here and there from the traces left behind. It is not possible to say definitely when the record was thus tampered with, or altered by authority; but the form of the letters subsequently engraved indicates that the alteration must have been made in the same period, to which the rest of the inscription can be referred on palæographic grounds.2 As regards individual letters, we may notice that the writer has confounded v and b in some places, see prabhabati, 1.6, and bhagabatō, 1.27. The cursive subscript m occurs in brāmaņa- and -brahmachāri-, both in 1.22. Both the forms of l have been used,––the northern with a shortened right limb as in lōkānām, and lōkapālah, both in 1.9, and the southern with the right limb bent to the left as in prithivīvallabha and kuśalī, both in 1.18. A peculiar form of dh occurs in Āshādha, 1.32. The sign for the jihvāmūlīya is used in 11.8 and 18, and that for the upadhmānīya in 11.10, 17 and 27. The symbols for the numbers 400 and 4 occur in l.31.

The language is Sanskrit. Except for three verses embedded in the eulogistic
_______________________

1Since this article was written, the plates have been published by Mr. G. H. Khare in the Sources of the Mediaval History of the Deccan, Vol. II, pp. 66 f.
2 One of the reasons for alteration was perhaps the omission of some portion of the record in 1. 20 as originally written, for the space between yathā mayā Brāhmain 1. 20 and yasya ch=āghāţanāni in the next line is not sufficient to contain the mention of the śākhā, gōtra and name of the Brāhmaņa donee and the name of the donated village, the boundaries of which were introduced with the words yasya ch=āghāţanāni. Nevertheless, it cannot be said that the present text is only a revised form of the earlier grant, for it differs materially from it; there are, for instance, no boundaries of the granted village mentioned in the later text.

 

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